Good Vision, Golden Age: Eye Care for Seniors

eye checkup
As we get older, our vision quality can change a great deal. Dr. Howard Kornstein understands this, which is why he takes great care when addressing the eye care needs of the elderly population in White Plains.

Senior citizens face a number of vision concerns as they get older. Let's take a moment right now to go over some of the basics.

About Presbyopia

Presbyopia is a type of age-related farsightedness (hyperopia) that begins around middle age. It's a natural and unavoidable part of the aging process and the result of the lenses of the eyes losing their flexibility.

Signs and Symptoms of Presbyopia

The most common signs and symptoms of presbyopia are linked to issues with changing vision quality, especially when it comes to looking at nearby objects. It is often more difficult to read screens and books, especially when there is insufficient light.

Treatments for Presbyopia

There are many treatments for presbyopia. The use of corrective lenses such as bifocals is quote common. Some patients may opt to undergo monovision refractive surgery, which corrects vision in one eye to ensure proper vision at multiple distances. There is also the option of removing the natural lenses of the eye and replacing them with lens implants known as intraocular lenses or IOLs.

About Cataracts

Cataracts are the clouding of the lenses of the eyes, which leads to whiteness of the irises as well as compromised or diminished vision. Cataracts can occur as a result of the natural aging process, though the condition can be accelerated as a result of eye injuries, prolonged sun exposure, smoking, and steroid use.

Signs and Symptoms of Cataracts

The most common signs and symptoms of cataracts are the clouding of the lens or lenses of the eyes and blurry, distorted, or unclear vision. The latter may occur gradually as the lens of the eye become milkier and cloudier.

Treatments for Cataracts

Treatment for cataracts can vary depending on how far the clouding of the lens has progressed. Minor cloudiness can often be treated through the use of corrective lenses. When vision is significantly affected, the best option to consider is surgical removal of the cloudy lens, at which point an IOL may be placed to restore vision.

About Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a leading cause of permanent vision loss and blindness. It occurs when the pressure within the eye affects the optic nerve, which can lead to progressive loss of eyesight if not addressed soon. Though not caused by old age per se, glaucoma becomes more likely as a person gets older.

Signs and Symptoms of Glaucoma

Common signs of glaucoma include haziness or blurriness of vision, glare and halos, loss of central or peripheral vision, and possible headaches and eye pain. People who have relatives who suffer or suffered from glaucoma should get their eyes checked regularly to ensure early detection.

Treatments for Glaucoma

Glaucoma is irreversible, though treatments can help slow the progression of the condition and prevent further vision loss. These treatments include the use of medications as well as surgical drainage of the eye to relieve internal pressure.

About Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Known as AMD and ARMD, age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss in people aged 65 or older. The condition involves issues with the blood vessels in the retina affecting the macula, which is the central portion of the retina.

Signs and Symptoms of Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Common signs and symptoms of macular degeneration include apparent curvature/bending of straight lines, problems with central vision, changes in color perception, and gradual loss of vision.

Treatments for Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Treatments for macular degeneration can very depending on if a patient suffers from the wet or dry variety of the condition. For cases of wet AMD, the use of anti-angiogenic medications can stop the growth of new blood vessels in the retina. Laser surgery and therapy may also be used to treat vision loss linked to AMD.

Contact Maple Eye and Laser Center

For more information about your treatment options for serious ocular health issues, be sure to contact our advanced eye care and vision correction center today. The team at Maple Eye and Laser Center will work with you to ensure great vision and excellent health and wellness.